Migration is practiced by people since time immemorial. Movement by man from one place to another is continued from pre-civilization period. In the initial stage, the people started movements from one destination to another in search of better pastures, water and land has been documented. Mainly these movements have been justified and will always be for various systemic, economic, social, political and individual reasons. Migration has been used as strategy(ies) by the Santal tribes to sustain their livelihood and poverty alleviation at the place of origin.